Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich

Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich

January 26, 1846 (Moscow) - February 21, 1920 (Petrograd). Russian Painter, graphic artist.

Born in Moscow in the family of E. I. Makovsky, an amateur artist, art collector and public figure, one of the founders of the Moscow Museum of Painting and Art Painting. Younger brother of artists Alexandra, Konstantin, Nikolai Makovsky. He received his initial artistic education under the guidance of his father. In 1858 he entered the Moscow School of Painting and Painting, studied under E. S. Sorokin and S. K. Zaryanko. In 1866, for the painting “Literary Reading” he was awarded a large gold medal and graduated from the School with the title of class artist of the 3rd degree. In 1869, for the painting “Peasant Boys Guarding Horses,” the Council of the Imperial Academy of Arts awarded the M.-L.-E gold medal. Vigée-Lebrun “for expression” and the title of class artist of the 1st degree; in 1873 - the title of academician for the painting “Nightingale Lovers”.

Lived in Moscow. In 1867, together with V. G. Perov, I. M. Pryanishnikov, P. M. Shmelkov, A. K. Savrasov, V. V. Pukirev and other artists, he participated in the publication of the “Album of views and scenes from Russian life.” In the same year he created illustrations for the works of A. S. Pushkin. In 1871 he exhibited his works at the First Exhibition of the TPHV, in 1872 he became a member and a permanent participant in the exhibitions of the Partnership until 1918 (with interruptions). Many paintings from the TPHV exhibitions, including “Nightingale Lovers”, “Visiting the Poor”, “Waiting”, “Bank Collapse”, “On the Boulevard” and others, were bought by P. M. Tretyakov for his collection.

In the first half of the 1870s he had his own lithographic workshop. He worked a lot in the field of book graphics, illustrated the works of I. S. Turgenev, N. V. Gogol, M. Yu. Lermontov. In 1872, by order of the Society of Lovers of Natural History, Anthropology and Ethnography, he completed a series of works in oil on cardboard, which were subsequently published as part of the album “Episodes of Sevastopol Life. 1854–1855."

In 1874 he traveled around Europe, visited Germany, France, Italy, and England. In the 1880s he visited Ukraine several times and lived on the Maslovs’ estate in the Oryol province. In the 1870s he participated in the painting of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow, and in 1888–1889 he created sketches of paintings for the temple at the Borki station near Kharkov, at the site of the crash of the royal train. From 1884 he mastered the technique of etching under the guidance of L. M. Zhemchuzhnikov.

Since 1880 he took part in exhibitions of the Moscow Society of Art Lovers. In 1885, at the World Exhibition in Antwerp, he received the highest honorary award.

In 1890 he made a trip to Tiflis, in 1891 he traveled through the Crimea and the Caucasus. He worked a lot at his own dacha in Finland. From 1882 to 1894 he taught at MUZHVZ. In 1893 he was elected a full member of the Imperial Academy of Arts.

In 1894 he moved to St. Petersburg, where he was appointed head of the genre painting workshop at the Higher Art School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture at the Imperial Academy of Arts; in 1894–1896 he also served as rector of the School. In the late 1890s - 1910s, he actively participated in public activities: he was a member of the supervisory board in charge of pedagogical courses at the Imperial Academy of Arts; participated in the commission for drawing up new draft charters of the Kazan Art School and the Penza Art School named after. N.D. Seliverstova, was on the commission for the purchase of paintings from exhibitions in St. Petersburg for the Russian Museum and provincial museums. In 1909 he became one of the founders of the Kuindzhi Society.

In 1902, the first personal exhibition of the master took place in St. Petersburg (together with E. E. Volkov). After the October Revolution, Makovsky was granted a pension by the Soviet government, and he left his job at the Academy.

A retrospective exhibition of the artist′s works was held in 1947 at the Central House of Artists in Moscow. In 1997, the exhibition “The Makovsky Family” was shown in the halls of the State Tretyakov Gallery.

Vladimir Makovsky is one of the leading masters of genre painting of the second half of the 19th century. In his work, he continued the traditions of critical realism laid down by P. A. Fedotov and V. G. Perov. In Makovsky’s works, accusatory intonation often coexisted with gentle humor and interest in everyday life in all its diversity. The artist was sensitive to historical and social events, be it the high-profile trials of the 1870s - the “Trial of One Hundred and Ninety-Three” in St. Petersburg and the “Trial of Fifty” in Moscow, bankruptcies and bank closures that swept across the country in the late 1870s - 1880s. x, the tragedy on the Khodynka Field in 1901, the revolutions of 1905 and 1917. He clearly expressed himself in the genre of portraiture.

His works of the early period are characterized by narrative style, careful depiction of details, restraint of color, and a desire for utmost completeness. Over the years, his painting style acquired greater freedom, flexibility and emotional expressiveness.The artist’s works adorn museum and private collections, including the collections of the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Russian Museum, the Pushkin Museum. A. S. Pushkin.

Маковский В.Е.Портрет И.Е.Цветкова. 1905

Маковский В.Е.

Маковский В.Е. Игра в бабки

Маковский В.Е.Стадо на берегу реки

Маковский В.Е.

Маковский В.Е. Дети

Подпись Маковский В.Е.

Маковский В.Е.Украинский пейзаж

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